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Sunday, October 13, 2013

[] BD needs new strict Labor Laws

Bangladesh Garment Export has soared because BD Labor Cost is so low and Profit Margin for Foreign Importers of Garments is so high. If Sale Price of Garments is even doubled, Importers would just lose $ 1.50 off their $ 9.50 Profit on sale of one Jean. Profit Margin of Foreign Leather Importers is even higher.

1. BD should impose 50% Export Tax on Garments and Leather and spend that Money to improve Living Conditions of Workers.

2. Garment Factory Building Inspectors and Working Condition Inspectors taking Bribes instead of getting wrongly built Building Structures fixed and getting Factory Work Conditions improved should be sent to Jail for 20 years at least because they have been causing Death and Destruction. They should face Murder Charges and their Properties confiscated instead of just getting dismissed from their jobs.

3. Strict Building Codes and Working Condition Laws should be imposed.

4. Factories that block Emergency Exists and or lock down Workers should be confiscated. 

5. All Workers should be provided Free Healthcare.

6. All Workers should be protected from getting dismissed if they have Medical Certificate from a Physician. 

In 1930's and early 1940's, when US President Franklin D. Roosevelt had imposed Socialistic Reforms in USA the Minimum Wage Law was implemented. The Factories that refused to follow the Law were confiscated within a minute after a Secret Agent pretending to be a Worker was paid less than Minimum Wage used to blow Whistle for Federal Police in Plain Clothes walking around such suspected factory with Pistols. (A new word in English Language was introduced after that 'Whistle Blower'. Now an an Employee informing Government about some violations of Law by his company is called that and gets tons of money as a Reward for that after his company is found guilty) 

7. Whistler Blower Law should be passed by BD Parliament also.

8. All Leather Factories should have proper Air Intake and high Chimneys on the top.

9. Huge Exhaust Fans or Turbines should be blowing air up in to Chimneys. 

10. The smelly Air should be passed through Air Refining Filters and those Filters should be replaced everyday with washed up old Filters being reused. 

11. All Leather Industry Employees should be provided Protective Gear. Rubber Gloves, Full Boots reaching up to their Knees, Head Covers, Paper Mouth and Nose Masks and Plastic Over Coasts with Sleeves covering up to their Wrists. 
Capitalism should never be allowed to kill Humans in order to make just a little bit more money.  

--- In, mislam@... wrote:
> DHAKA,  Bangladesh Clothing exports from Bangladesh soared over the summer because  global retailers expanded orders despite a string of deadly industrial accidents  and concerns over the rights of workers at the country's garment  factories.
> Garment  exports climbed 24% during July through September from the
year-earlier period,  according to figures released by the Bangladesh Export
> Promotion  Bureau.
> The  new data released just pays after a deadly fire at a fabric mill in Gazipur,  Bangladesh highlight the realities of a global garment trade in which apparel  companies are tied to low-wage, high-capacity countries like Bangladesh.
> The  April collapse of the Rana Plaza factory complex that killed more than 1,100  people, along with a series of fatal fires in the past year, called international attention to safety standards and working conditions in parts of  the Bangladeshi garment sector.
> Retailers  have responded by signing two separate pacts to invest in
> factory safety in  Bangladesh. A group of 90 mostly European brands, including Hennes & Mauritz_
> (  AB, _HM-B.SK +0.29%_
> ( Zara  parent _Inditex_
> (   SA, _ITX.MC +0.39%_
> (

and  Primark, have signed the five-year legally binding Accord on Fire and Safety in  Bangladesh, which requires members to maintain order levels in Bangladesh for at  least the first two years. Some 20 American companies led by _Wal-Mart  Stores Inc_
 (  _WMT -0.12%_
> ( .  and _Gap_
> (   Inc.,
> _GPS -6.99%_
> (

have  signed a rival nonbinding pact, the Alliance for Bangladesh Worker Safety, which  also has pledged to invest in factory inspections and  upgrades.
> "It's  just not easy to quickly shift large volumes," said Achim Berg, a principal in  the Frankfurt office of consultancy McKinsey & Co. "For companies that  source between half a billion dollars and $1.5 billion of garments a year,  there's no other place to move the large volume."
> Mr.  Berg surveyed 29 European and American retailers representing a global sourcing  volume of $40 billion in July and August and found Bangladesh is likely to  remain the top destination for new apparel sourcing over the next five years. He  added that retailers are already too dependent on China, whose garment exports  total $150 billion, and don't want to move even more production  there.
> While  H&M and some other companies are starting to place production in emerging  countries including Ethiopia and Myanmar, it is likely to take another decade to  build up the factories, labor force and infrastructure needed to absorb  large-scale orders.
> Bangladesh's  $20 billion garment industry, which took 30 years to build up, is made up of  more than 4,500 factories and four million workers. By contrast, the clothing  industry in Vietnam employs 1.5 million workers and exports about $13 billion of  clothes. Cambodia's industry employs about 615,000 workers and books annual  exports of roughly $5 billion.
> The  added investment could help companies feel more confident in their business  partners in Bangladesh, said Andy York, ethical-trading manager for British  retailer _N Brown  Group_

> (  _BWNG.LN +5.53%_
> ( PLC, 

who helped craft the Accord on Fire and Safety.
> The  U.S. suspended duty-free access for some Bangladeshi products in June, saying  the country hadn't taken concrete steps to improve safety and working  conditions. Garments weren't included in the U.S. suspension, but factory owners  worried the move would discourage orders from foreign retailers and prompt the  European Union, Bangladesh's biggest garment customer, to review its own  preferential trade access.
> Yet  Bangladesh's clothing business appeared to shrug off international concerns, as  exports totaled $21.5 billion in the year that ended June 30 up 13% from a year  before. Analysts said orders for clothes exported before June were likely placed  before some of the most recent industrial disasters.
> Companies  often come to different conclusions about how to react to reports of problems at  factories.
> Next  Collections Ltd., a Bangladeshi clothing factory, regularly worked employees for  more than the hours prescribed by buyers and the country's laws, evading  monitoring by keeping two sets of pay records, according to documents reviewed  by The Wall Street Journal and interviews with workers that were recounted in an  article last week. The company didn't respond to requests for  comment.
> The  events prompted different responses from two of the retailers that had placed  production there.
> VF  Corp., whose brands include Wrangler and Nautica, decided to stop placing work  at the factory. While the company said it would prefer to stay with factories to  try to improve working conditions, management was unwilling to "meet and sustain  compliance with our standards," a spokeswoman said.
> A  VF compliance officer had found some violations during an audit in January. A  review in March showed the factory had made progress, but the company pulled out  after another check showed the problems had returned, she said.
> Gap,  on the other hand, has kept production at the Next Collections
factory while it  investigates allegations by workers that hours are longer than buyers are told  and that managers short change their wages, force resignations from pregnant  staff, deny workers maternity and holiday benefits, and physically and verbally  harass employees found to be trying to form a labor union.
> Gap  has hired a nonprofit monitoring firm, Verit, to conduct the investigation.
> "Our  preference is to stay and try to improve the situation, as cutting and running  does nothing to help workers left in those facilities," said Kindley Walsh  Lawlor, Gap's vice president of social and environmental policy.
> "But various  courses of action range from remediation to termination."
> Bangladesh's  minimum monthly wage is $37, significantly lower than
> China's, though most  garment workers make considerably more if overtime pay is included. But there  has been instability, too, as workers have taken to the streets in recent months  demanding higher wages and safer conditions.
> "With  the rising cost of living, it is more and more difficult for a garment worker to  survive with the current salary levels" said Babul Akhter, president of the  Bangladesh Garment and Industrial Workers Federation.
> Factory  owners themselves are under tremendous pressure to keep prices down to maintain  growth. "We're being forced to sell at slimmer profit margins than before," said  Atiqul Islam, president of the Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers Export  Association. Bangladesh's  garment industry is also struggling with infrastructure
bottlenecks. Road and  rail networks haven't kept pace with the boom in garment factories, and the  country faces a daily shortage of about 1,000 megawatts of electricity, about a  fifth of the country's requirements.
> Write  to Shelly Banjo at _shelly.banjo@..._
> (mailto:shelly.banjo@...)   and Syed Zain Al-Mahmood at _
> (


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