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Wednesday, October 31, 2012

[chottala.com] Shia websites on Saudi Arabia



Muslim World Stunned by S. Arabia's Plan to Destroy Prophet's Mosque

TEHRAN (FNA)- The Saudi government plans to demolish Islamic sites, including Prophet Mohammad (PBUH)'s Mosque, taking a bulldozer to Islam's history and divine values. 


Saudi Arabia plans to destroy three of the world's oldest mosques in a multi-billion-pound expansion of Islam's second holiest site, a plan which has shocked the Muslim community worldwide, Independent said.

Work on the Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, where the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) is buried, will start once the annual Hajj pilgrimage ends next month. When complete, the development will turn the mosque into the world's largest building, with the capacity for 1.6 million people.


But the Saudi plan to raze Islam's historical and most revered sites has stunned the Muslim world. Saudi King Abdullah's apparent disdain for preserving historical and archeological heritage of Mecca, the holiest city in the country and the world of Islam, has already fueled outrage.


Most of the expansion of Masjid an-Nabawi will take place to the West of the existing mosque, which holds the tombs of Islam's founder and the first two Caliphs of Sunni Islam, Abu Bakr and Omar.


Also Saudi Ministry of Islamic Affairs published a pamphlet in 2007 prepared by the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Abdulaziz al Sheikh who called for destruction of the mosque's dome and flattening the graves of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), Abu Bakr and Omar.


Dr. Irfan al-Alawi of the Islamic Heritage Research Foundation who has spent much of his past 10 years activities on highlighting the destruction of early Islamic sites said, "Muslim silence over the destruction of Mecca and Medina is both disastrous and hypocritical."


"The recent movie about the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) caused worldwide protests... and yet the destruction of the Prophet's birthplace, where he prayed and founded Islam has been allowed to continue without any criticism," he added. 

http://english.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=9107115272

October 27, 2012 | Posted by admin

Madinah Haram Mosque After Four Years

Medina`s authorities are building a mosque so big it will hold 1.6m people – but demolishing irreplaceable monuments to do it. Jerome Taylor reports

Three of the world`s oldest mosques are about to be destroyed as Saudi Arabia embarks on a multi-billion-pound expansion of Islam`s second holiest site. Work on the Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, where the Prophet Mohamed is buried, will start once the annual Hajj pilgrimage ends next month. When complete, the development will turn the mosque into the world`s largest building, with the capacity for 1.6 million worshippers.

But concerns have been raised that the development will see key historic sites bulldozed. Anger is already growing at the kingdom`s apparent disdain for preserving the historical and archaeological heritage of the country`s holiest city, Mecca. Most of the expansion of Masjid an-Nabawi will take place to the west of the existing mosque, which holds the tombs of Islam`s founder and two of his closest companions, Abu Bakr and Umar.

Just outside the western walls of the current compound are mosques dedicated to Abu Bakr and Umar, as well as the Masjid Ghamama, built to mark the spot where the Prophet is thought to have given his first prayers for the Eid festival. The Saudis have announced no plans to preserve or move the three mosques, which have existed since the seventh century and are covered by Ottoman-era structures, or to commission archaeological digs before they are pulled down, something that has caused considerable concern among the few academics who are willing to speak out in the deeply authoritarian kingdom.

"No one denies that Medina is in need of expansion, but it`s the way the authorities are going about it which is so worrying," says Dr Irfan al-Alawi of the Islamic Heritage Research Foundation. "There are ways they could expand which would either avoid or preserve the ancient Islamic sites but instead they want to knock it all down." Dr Alawi has spent much of the past 10 years trying to highlight the destruction of early Islamic sites.

With cheap air travel and booming middle classes in populous Muslim countries within the developing world, both Mecca and Medina are struggling to cope with the 12 million pilgrims who visit each year – a number expected to grow to 17 million by 2025. The Saudi monarchy views itself as the sole authority to decide what should happen to the cradle of Islam. Although it has earmarked billions for an enormous expansion of both Mecca and Medina, it also sees the holy cities as lucrative for a country almost entirely reliant on its finite oil wealth.

Heritage campaigners and many locals have looked on aghast as the historic sections of Mecca and Medina have been bulldozed to make way for gleaming shopping malls, luxury hotels and enormous skyscrapers. The Washington-based Gulf Institute estimates that 95 per cent of the 1,000-year-old buildings in the two cities have been destroyed in the past 20 years.

In Mecca, the Masjid al-Haram, the holiest site in Islam and a place where all Muslims are supposed to be equal, is now overshadowed by the Jabal Omar complex, a development of skyscraper apartments, hotels and an enormous clock tower. To build it, the Saudi authorities destroyed the Ottoman era Ajyad Fortress and the hill it stood on. Other historic sites lost include the Prophet`s birthplace – now a library – and the house of his first wife, Khadijah, which was replaced with a public toilet block.

Neither the Saudi Embassy in London nor the Ministry for Foreign Affairs responded to requests for comment when The Independent contacted them this week. But the government has previously defended its expansion plans for the two holy cities as necessary. It insists it has also built large numbers of budget hotels for poorer pilgrims, though critics point out these are routinely placed many miles away from the holy sites.

Until recently, redevelopment in Medina has pressed ahead at a slightly less frenetic pace than in Mecca, although a number of early Islamic sites have still been lost. Of the seven ancient mosques built to commemorate the Battle of the Trench – a key moment in the development of Islam – only two remain. Ten years ago, a mosque which belonged to the Prophet`s grandson was dynamited. Pictures of the demolition that were secretly taken and smuggled out of the kingdom showed the religious police celebrating as the building collapsed.

The disregard for Islam`s early history is partly explained by the regime`s adoption of Wahabism, an austere and uncompromising interpretation of Islam that is vehemently opposed to anything which might encourage Muslims towards idol worship.

In most of the Muslim world, shrines have been built. Visits to graves are also commonplace. But Wahabism views such practices with disdain. The religious police go to enormous lengths to discourage people from praying at or visiting places closely connected to the time of the Prophet while powerful clerics work behind the scenes to promote the destruction of historic sites.

Dr Alawi fears that the redevelopment of the Masjid an-Nabawi is part of a wider drive to shift focus away from the place where Mohamed is buried. The spot that marks the Prophet`s tomb is covered by a famous green dome and forms the centrepiece of the current mosque. But under the new plans, it will become the east wing of a building eight times its current size with a new pulpit. There are also plans to demolish the prayer niche at the centre of mosque. The area forms part of the Riyadh al-Jannah (Garden of Paradise), a section of the mosque that the Prophet decreed especially holy..

"Their excuse is they want to make more room and create 20 spaces in a mosque that will eventually hold 1.6 million," says Dr Alawi. "It makes no sense. What they really want is to move the focus away from where the Prophet is buried."

A pamphlet published in 2007 by the Ministry of Islamic Affairs – and endorsed by the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Abdulaziz al Sheikh – called for the dome to be demolished and the graves of Mohamed, Abu Bakr and Umar to be flattened. Sheikh Ibn al-Uthaymeen, one of the 20th century`s most prolific Wahabi scholars, made similar demands.

"Muslim silence over the destruction of Mecca and Medina is both disastrous and hypocritical," says Dr Alawi. "The recent movie about the Prophet Mohamed caused worldwide protests… and yet the destruction of the Prophet`s birthplace, where he prayed and founded Islam has been allowed to continue without any criticism."

Mecca and Medina in Numbers

12m – The number of people who visit Mecca and Medina every year

3.4m – The number of Muslims expected to perform Hajj (pilgrimage) this year

60,000 – The current capacity of the Masjid an-Nabawi mosque

1.6m – The projected capacity of the mosque after expansion

© 2012. Independent Print Ltd. All Rights Reserved.

Muslim World Stunned By S. Arabia`s Plan To Destroy Prophet`s Mosque
Fars News Agency
Saturday, October 27, 2012

Haram Mosque will Look Like This After Three Years

TEHRAN (FNA)- The Saudi government plans to demolish Islamic sites, including Prophet Mohammad (PBUH)`s Mosque, taking a bulldozer to Islam`s history and divine values.

Saudi Arabia plans to destroy three of the world`s oldest mosques in a multi-billion-pound expansion of Islam`s second holiest site, a plan which has shocked the Muslim community worldwide, Independent said.

Work on the Masjid an-Nabawi in Medina, where the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) is buried, will start once the annual Hajj pilgrimage ends next month. When complete, the development will turn the mosque into the world`s largest building, with the capacity for 1.6 million people.

But the Saudi plan to raze Islam`s historical and most revered sites has stunned the Muslim world. Saudi King Abdullah`s apparent disdain for preserving historical and archeological heritage of Mecca, the holiest city in the country and the world of Islam, has already fueled outrage.

Most of the expansion of Masjid an-Nabawi will take place to the West of the existing mosque, which holds the tombs of Islam`s founder and the first two Caliphs of Sunni Islam, Abu Bakr and Omar.

Also Saudi Ministry of Islamic Affairs published a pamphlet in 2007 prepared by the Grand Mufti of Saudi Arabia, Abdulaziz al Sheikh who called for destruction of the mosque`s dome and flattening the graves of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), Abu Bakr and Omar.

Dr. Irfan al-Alawi of the Islamic Heritage Research Foundation who has spent much of his past 10 years activities on highlighting the destruction of early Islamic sites said, "Muslim silence over the destruction of Mecca and Medina is both disastrous and hypocritical."

"The recent movie about the Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) caused worldwide protests… and yet the destruction of the Prophet`s birthplace, where he prayed and founded Islam has been allowed to continue without any criticism," he added.

(Description of Source: Tehran Fars News Agency in English — hardline semi-official news agency, headed as of 24 July 2011 by Nezameddin Musavi; http://www.english.farsnews.com)

© Compiled and distributed by NTIS, US Dept. of Commerce. All rights reserved.

Makkah to have 100 new towers
Distributed by Contify.com
UAE Government News
October 23, 2012

A big housing project started near the Holy Haram

The holiest city of Islam Makkah is currently going through a host of infrastructure and developmental progress and set to have 100 new multi-storey towers worth SR18 billion near the Grand Mosque, media reports said.

Once all the ongoing constructions get completed the Holy City will be ready to offer more than 24,480 hotel rooms to the hospitality industry, according to industry expert.

The Saudi Arab government is pouring billions of riyals for developing the infrastructure and hospitality sector which is boosting the construction sector a great deal and is resulting into the prosperity of the Kingdom`s hospitality industry.

Moreover, the ongoing capacity expansion of the King Abdul Aziz InternationalAirport in Jeddah is set to fuel the boom in the hospitality and tourism industry. The airport`s expansion project seek to take annual passenger handling capacity from current levels of 12 million to 14 million, media reports said.

http://www.duhur.com/saudis-take-a-bulldozer-to-islams-history-jerome-taylor-the-independent/



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